The Red Fort, also known as “Lal Qila”, is a 17th century fort complex located five minute walk from our hotel. So this was our first stop for the day.
The main entrance to the Lal Quila is through the Lahori Gate. Beyond the gate, there is a roofed passage, flanked by arcaded apartments leading to the palaces, known as Chhatta Chowk. These apartments are now used as shops. Besides these, there are three more gates on other sides, which are kept closed now. The master builders of the Red Fort were Hamid and Ahmad. Visitors are allowed only in a part of Red Fort, as the army occupies the rest of it.
Diwan-i-Am or Hall of Public Audience is situated in the Red Fort of Delhi. It originally had a courtyard on its front and was richly ornamented with gilded stuccowork. Heavy curtains graced the main hall, which were three bays in depth.
Accompanying the Diwan-i-Khas, or Hall of Selective Audience, the Hamam (bathroom set) consists of three apartments interconnected by corridors. The marble floors and dados are inlaid with beautiful floral patterns of multi-colored stones.
The personal mosque of Aurungzeb, Moti Masjid or Pearl Mosque lies to the west of Hamam. Situated on a higher level than courtyards, the prayer-hall of the mosque has inlaid black-marble outlines of ‘musallas’ (small carpets for prayers) and is surmounted by three bulbous domes.
One of the original six main-palaces situated along the river front, Mumtaz Mahal was also known as ‘Chhoti Baithak’. A beautiful water channel called ‘Nahr-i-Bihisht’ (meaning Stream of Paradise) flew through these palaces. However, this palace has been removed, probably because it was totally in ruins.
Naubat Khana Naubat Khana, or Naqqar Khana (meaning the Drum House), is situated at the entrance of the palace area. Here music was played five times a day at the appointed hours. It housed a gate known as ‘Hathi Pol’ (Elephant Gate), where visitors dismounted from their elephants.
After two hours admiring the Red Fort, it was time to move on and visit the rest of New Delhi. So, we hopped back on the HoHo Bus to go to our next destination … the India Gate.
Text Source: http://www.exploredelhi.com/red-fort/index.html
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